Mental disease :Schizophrenia -From causes to solution

Mental Diseases are something that should be addressed. One should take care of mental illnesses and should seek guidance. Read here all that is vital in the case of Schizophrenia – it’s causes, symptoms, and treatment. How to handle Schizophrenia – Read and Know here.

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Schizophrenia: From cause to solution

Schizophrenia - All about Schizophrenia. Just sum-up.
Schizophrenia? Handle it well.

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that appears in a human body in late adolescence or early adulthood. While suffering from this disorder, the person interpret reality abnormally. People suffering with this mental disorder require lifelong treatment.It is characterized by-

  1. Delusions
  2. Hallucinations and other cognitive difficulties.

Some Facts about Schizophrenia:

  1. An estimated 1 percent of population is affected by
  2. Some of the symptoms are- Delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thoughts.
  3. This mental disorder can be diagnosed only after other disease have been ruled out.

Also Read about the – Bipolar Disorder

What Schizophrenia actually is?

Schizophrenia generally occurs at the age of 16-30, and the male body tends to show the symptoms at a slightly younger age than females. In many cases, this mental disorder develops so slowly in the human body, that the person does not even get a hint of it having for so many years. But there are some cases also in which it strikes suddenly and develops very quickly.

Experts say that Schizophrenia is many illness masquerading as one and occurs to approximately 1 percent of the population.

Symptoms of Schizophrenia:

The people suffering from Schizophrenia require the help or rely on the care of the people who are fit as they are unable to hold a job or take care of themselves.

Many of them just deny from the fact that they are even suffering from any mental disorder and eventually refuse to take the treatment.

Schizophrenia Symptoms
The Alarming Symptoms of Schizophrenia,

Some patients have clear symptoms while the case is not the same for all the patients. Some of them may seem fine until they start explaining of what they are really thinking. The signs and symptoms of Schizophrenia vary, depending on the individual. The 4 categories in which the symptoms are divided are-

        1. Positive Symptoms-

It is also known as psychotic symptoms. For example-hallucinations, delusions.

        2. Negative Symptoms-

These types of symptoms refer to the elements that have been taken away from an individual. For example- Lack of motivation, and absence of facial expression.

The Symptoms You should Know.
Schizophrenia -Alarms. Just Pay Heed!

        3. Cognitive Symptoms-

These affects a person’s ability of thinking or his thought They may be positive or negative symptoms. For example- Poor concentration, which is considered as a negative symptom.

        4. Emotional Symptoms-

These are considered as negative symptoms. For example-blunted emotions.

 

List of some major Symptoms-

         1. Delusions-

the patient gets false beliefs. They might feel that others are trying to control Or, they may think that they have extraordinary powers and abilities.

         2. Hallucinations-

A person suffering with Schizophrenia may experience a lot of The people dealing with this mental disorder see, feel, smell things which are not even there and among them hearing voices is the most common one.

          3. Thought Disorder-

The individual may jump from one subject or topic to another for no logical reason.

Types of Schizophrenia

Types of Schizophrenia
Know the Types of Schizophrenia

 

There are sub-types of Schizophrenia

  1. Paranoid Schizophrenia

  2. Disorganized Schizophrenia

  1. Catatonic Schizophrenia

  1. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

  1. Residual Schizophrenia

 

In 2013, the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th edition (DSM-V) changed the method of classification and grouped them into one name I.e. Schizophrenia.

Know: Should One Believe or Not in Supernatural Powers?

Causes of Schizophrenia:

Schizophrenia Causes
Understand the Causes of Schizophrenia

Experts believe that there are many factors that are responsible for the cause of Schizophrenia.There are many evidences that suggest that genetic and environmental factors which act together as the cause of this Mental disease.Below are some factors that are suspected to be the cause of Schizophrenia-

Genetic Inheritance-

If there no history in the family then the chances of catching this mental disease reduces to less than 1 percent. But, if any of the parent has been diagnosed then the risk of having this mental disease increases by 10 percent.

Chemical imbalance in the brain-

Experts say that the imbalance of dopamine and neurotransmitter is involved as the cause of Schizophrenia. There are some other neurotransmitters also, such as serotonin, ay also be involved as a cause for this mental disease.

Family Relationships-

There are no evidences that indicate the family relationships as the cause of Schizophrenia, however, there are some patients who believe that family tensions trigger the relapses.

Environmental Factors-

Many suspect traumas before birth and viral infections may contribute to the trigger of this mental disease. Although there are no proofs of this as a cause also but, it is suspected.

Stressful experiences may precede to the development of Schizophrenia. People dealing with this mental disease become bad-tempered, unfocused and anxious. This habit of the patient might lead to relationship problems, divorces, and unemployment.

Therefore, it is very difficult to figure out whether Schizophrenia causes stresses or it is the result of them.

Drugs for Schizophrenia Treatment:

Marijuana and LSD are very well known for the cause of Schizophrenia. For the people suffering from psychotic diseases such as Schizophrenia, usage of cannabis may make the mental illness worse.

Treatment of Schizophrenia

Treatment can help to relieve from many of the symptoms of Schizophrenia. But, the majority of the patients have to cope with this mental disorder throughout their life. It cannot be completely cured from a human body.

According to the scientist, the most effective treatment of this mental disease is the combination of-

  1. Psychological Counselling
  2. Medication
  3. Self-help resources

Here are some most common Schizophrenia medications-

        1. Risperidone (Risperdal)-

Schizophrenia - drugs can handle the situation.
Schizophrenia is curable. Drugs along with the therapy can control the Schizophrenia and can even vanish it.

Less sedative than any other typical anti-psychotic. There are some possible side-effects also, such as Diabetes, weight gain. But are less likely to happen if compared with clozapine.

        2. Olanzapine (Zyprexa)-

It may improve negative symptoms. The risks of weight gain and developing diabetes are significant.

         3. Quetiapine (Seroquel)-

with the use of this medication, the risks of diabetes and weight gain is lower than the risks in Risperidone and Olanzapine.

         4. Ziprasidone (Geodon)-

The risk of weight gain and diabetes is lower than any other But it may generate the risk of Cardiac arrhythmia.

         5. Clozapine (Clozaril)-

It has been proved to be effective for the patients who are resistant to It also lowers the suicidal behaviors in the patients suffering from this mental disease.

          6. Haloperidol-

It is an antipsychotic used to treat Schizophrenia. It is well known for its long-lasting effects (weeks).

The patients must continue taking proper medications even after the symptoms are gone so as to avoid further arrival of the same symptoms back and have a bad effect to their body. When the person experiences Schizophrenia symptoms for the first time, it may be very unpleasant. They may take a long to recover, which can be a lonely experience. The only social requirement is that the patient should get receive the full support of his/her family and friends and do not have to face denial from anywhere.

Schizophrenia Diagnosis and Tests-

The diagnosis of this mental disease can be reached or achieved by clearly observing all the actions of the person who is suspected to be suffering from Schizophrenia. If it is detected by the doctor about that the person is dealing with this mental disease, then they will need to know all the past medications and the medical and psychiatric history of the patient.There are certain tests for Schizophrenia, such as-

        1.Blood Test-

In many cases where usage of any kind of drug may be factor of illness, then a blood test may be recommended by the doctor. It may also be used to exclude the physical cause of illness.

       2. Imaging Studies-

The problems in the structure of the brain and the tumors are ruled out.

       3. Psychological evaluation-

The specialist monitors the patient’s mental ability to respond to the surrounding situations and by asking about the thoughts, moods, suicidal traits, potential for violence, hallucinations etc.

Schizophrenia is Curable.
Schizophrenia is Curable. Just address it. Get guidance. Know Everything about it.

Schizophrenia Diagnosis Criteria-

The patients must meet the criteria marked by the DSM i.e. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (An American Psychiatric Association).The patient must have at least two of the following typical symptoms:

  1. Delusions
  2. Disorganized or catatonic behavior
  3. Disorganized speech
  4. Hallucinations
  5. Negative symptoms that are present since last 4 weeks.
  6. Experience the considerable impairment to attend the school, carry out the work load, or everyday task.
  7. Have the symptoms that never left the patient for more than 6 months.
Mental Illness/ Xpertink/Course-1
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Therefore, Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that cannot be fully treated but can be diagnosed so that the patient may get relief from various symptoms at least for some time. The only criteria being that the patient should not stop taking the proper medications even if the symptoms have gone.

A person dealing with this mental disease may interpret reality abnormally. The person may have the symptoms, such as hallucinations, delusions etc. which is common in Schizophrenia patients. Therefore, by using proper medications as mentioned above and with proper care the patient suffering from this mental disease can be relieved.

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What Does Vitamin D Do?

Understand that we need vitamin D to absorb calcium in the intestines and to reclaim calcium that would otherwise be excreted through the kidneys. Vitamin D is a strong stimulator of calcium deposition in bones and makes them stronger and healthier. It means that If one is not getting sufficient vitamin D, her or his body begins to slow down or stop depositing calcium into bones, and gradually starts drawing calcium out from the bones back into the bloodstream.

 

              Why the Sunshine Vitamin So Significant To Health?

                          If we take a dive into the pool of Benefits that Vitamin D3 caters, we get amazed. Vitamin D3 touches numerous aspects of our health that it is named ‘The Sunshine Vitamin’, it’s not an exaggeration. Vitamin D3 is; really proven; the sunshine for human-health.

           The most important facts about the Vitamin D3 are that it is extremely pivotal for the growth and maintenance of our bones-teeth and secondly our body can create Vit D3 only when it comes into the contact of sun rays. If a person is not getting ample vitamin D, he /she may be at a higher risk of developing bone abnormalities such as soft bones ‘osteomalacia’ or fragile bones ‘osteoporosis’.

Sunshine 2
Save your health by bathing in the sunlight

          The prominent functions that the Sunshine Vitamin covers after the strengthening of the bones are regulating the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, facilitating normal immune system function and improving the resistance to certain diseases.

Let’s see, what are those benefits that Vitamin D3 provide and what is the havoc that can be wrecked upon if we have a severe deficiency of Vit D3. The list is long, but we have tried here to compile the benefits under a few headings:

1] Vitamin D3 Pivotal For Health of Bones & Teeth:                                                                 

                                    

Bones need vitamin D
Save your bones- take vitamiD

                     We cannot expect healthy bones in the absence of Vitamin D3. We always associate Calcium with the health of bones, but we forget the major part that Vitamin D3 plays in the absorption of Calcium.

Understand that we need vitamin D to absorb calcium in the intestines and to reclaim calcium that would otherwise be excreted through the kidneys. Vitamin D is a strong stimulator of calcium deposition in bones and makes them stronger and healthier. It means that If one is not getting sufficient vitamin D, her or his body begins to slow down or stop depositing calcium into bones, and gradually starts drawing calcium out from the bones back into the bloodstream. And over time, this constant cycle of deposit and withdrawal will make the bones weak and at risk for fractures become high.

 

 

2] Safeguard against So Many Diseases:

                                     

Besides its role in the healthy maintenance of bones in our body, Vitamin D3 plays an unavoidable role in safeguarding us against so many diseases like common flu, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer, Multiple Sclerosis, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, etc.

         

Deficiency of Vit D calls diseases
Be aware: The deficiency of Vit D invites so many diseases

The cold and flu:

The Cold & the Flu are the common illnesses that occurs in humans for centuries, which is an infection in our respiratory tract or lungs. The production of the peptides in white blood cells and epithelial cells in the respiratory tract are encouraged by Vitamin D, which protects the lungs from infection.

[According to 2010 research published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Vitamin D is very active in controlling the common flu. ]

The Diabetes- Type 2:

Several observational studies have shown a reverse relationship between blood concentrations of vitamin D in the body and risk of type 2 diabetes. In people with type 2 diabetes, insufficient vitamin D levels may negatively affect insulin secretion and glucose tolerance. A recent study calculated the risk of developing type 2 diabetes according to baseline vitamin D status and said those with the highest baseline levels had a 38 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with the lowest vitamin D levels. 

A study has stated that the young babies of less than a year or so, who received 2,000 International Units of vitamin D per day, had shown an 88 percent lower risk of developing type 1 diabetes by the age of 35.

Cancer prevention

The Sunshine Vitamin is responsible and plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth and for cell-to-cell communication. Some studies have shown that calcitriol (the hormonally active form of vitamin D) can reduce cancer progression by slowing down the growth and development of new blood vessels in cancerous tissue, increasing cancer cell death, and reducing cell proliferation and metastases. It is the fact that Vitamin D influences more than 200 human genes, which could be impaired when we do not have enough vitamin D.

Sunshine Vit. 4

Research states that ample amount of vitamin D in adulthood can definitely reduce the risk of several types of cancer such as colon, breast, ovarian, and prostate.

Protection from Cardiovascular Diseases:

           The persons with vitamin D deficiency are at a dangerous risk for high blood pressure, heart disease, sudden cardiac death, or heart failure, shows a research in the USA.

As the exact mechanism is not so clear at this time, it seems  that vitamin D  helps in lowering the blood pressure, improves vascular compliance (elasticity of  your arteries ), and improve glycemic control, too. So, we can say that by taking the supplementary of vitamin D we can save our heart!

                                  

3] Nutrition For Brain :

It’s shocking but its truth. Low level of Vit D3 invites Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers are focusing on the fact that around 90% of Alzheimer’s disease patients have low levels of vitamin D!                                  Sunshine Vit. 5

We should notify that getting enough sunshine vitamin  is pivotal for our neurological health. Studies say there are nearly 35 million Alzheimer’s sufferers around the world. Out of which around 5 million are in America, and that number is expected to reach 15 million by 2050.

 

4] Reduces Depression:

Our planet is facing the menace of the mental mood disease –‘Depression’ since decades. People suffering from the ‘Depression’ are committing suicide. Research has shown that vitamin D can play an important role in regulating the mood swings and wiping off the depression in the people. In one study, scientists found that people with depression who received vitamin D supplements have shown an improvement in their symptoms.

One more study on the patients of ‘Fibromyalgia ‘, researchers have noticed that vitamin D deficiency was common in those who were also experiencing anxiety and depression! So, it’s very clear that if the Vitamin D’s level gets maintained in the patients of anxiety and depression, these diseases can be controlled.

5] Boosts Weight Loss :

sunshine-vit-10.jpg

To include the supplements of Vit D in your diet can boost up your plan of weight reduction.

A study in America has said people taking a daily calcium and vitamin D supplement was reached to their targeted weight loss more easily than those who are taking a placebo supplement. The scientists have established the fact that extra calcium and vitamin D had an appetite-suppressing effect on humans.

Sunshine Vit. 9

In this way, we can say that beneficence that Vitamin D3 gifts to human health are precious. We can’t afford the deficiency of this Sunshine Vitamin, So, just step out of the door and just embrace the rays of health- the Sunrays. If your level of Vitamin D3 will be regularized, you can live a long, healthy and happy life, undoubtedly………..